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ELF JEM New data

Additional data sources in the ELF Magnetic Field JEM used by Turner et al (2014)

Study and Reference Population Person-days monitored # Jobs
Electrical worker study (London)  Male electric and nonelectric workers        (Los Angeles County, Washington State, and   New Zealand) 661 44
Swedish JEM for women (Forssen) Women in Stockholm Country, Sweden 794 67
Italian worker survey (Gobba) Primary industries in the Modena and Reggio Emilia provinces of Italy 1437 40
French INTEROCC study (L’Azou) Clothing presser and hospital porter in Lyon, France 4 2
Airline pilot survey (Nicholas) US commercial airline pilots 256 1
Swiss railroad worker studies (Roosli; Lortscher) Electric locomotive engineers 261 4
English INTEROCC study (Van Tongeren, 2009) Cases and controls from the Nottingham, Leicester, and Sheffield regions of the UK 833 102
Railroad maintenance worker survey (Wenzl) Maintenance crew along an electric rail line 5 1
Canada-France electric utility study (Theriault) JEM for Ontario Hydro, Hydro Quebec and Electricitè de France 486 10
US electric utility study (Kromhout) JEM for 5 utilities 1302 12
1000 Person Survey (Zaffanella) Random sample of  US residents  420 171

Bowman, J.D., E. Sobel, S.J. London, D.C. Thomas, D.H. Garabrant, N. Pearce et al.: Electric and Magnetic Field Exposure, Chemical Exposure, and Leukemia Risk in "Electrical" Occupations. Palo Alto, CA: Electric Power Research Institute (1992).

Forssen, U.M., G. Mezei, G. Nise, and M. Feychting: Occupational magnetic field exposure among women in Stockholm County, Sweden. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 61(7): 594-602 (2004). 

Gobba, F., G. Bravo, P. Rossi, G.M. Contessa, and M. Scaringi: Occupational and environmental exposure to extremely low frequency-magnetic fields: a personal monitoring study in a large group of workers in Italy. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 21(6): 634-645 (2011).

L’Azou, M., M. Hours, M. Bernard, A. Lardy:  [INTERPHONE study – Relationship between occupational exposures and primary tumors of the brain and the acoustic nerve] (French).  AFSSET Report # ST-2005-004.  INRETS [National Institute for Research on Transportation and its Safety] – Lyon University (2007).

Nicholas, J.S., D.T. Lackland, G.C. Butler, L.C. Mohr, J.B. Dunbar, W.T. Kaune et al.: Cosmic radiation and magnetic field exposure to airline flight crews. American Journal of Industrial Medicine 34(6): 574-580 (1998).

Roosli, M., M. Lortscher, D. Pluger, and N. Schrier: ELF (16 2/3 Hz) magnetic field exposure assessment in Swiss railway engineers. In:  Bioelectromagnetics 2005 Conference. Dublin, Ireland, (2005).

Lortscher, M., E. Lortscher, H. Voegeli, and M. Roosli: Measurements and simulations of electro-magnetic field emissions of the Swiss Federal Railway rolling stock. In:  International Conference on Environmental Epidemiology & Exposure. Paris, France (2006).

Roosli, M., M. Lortscher, M. Egger, D. Pfluger, N. Schreier, E. Lortscher et al.: Leukaemia, brain tumours and exposure to extremely low frequency magnetic fields: cohort study of Swiss railway employees. Occup Environ Med 64(8): 553-559 (2007).

van Tongeren, M., T. Mee, P. Whatmough, L. Broad, M. Maslanyj, S. Allen et al.: Assessing occupational and domestic ELF magnetic field exposure in the UK adult brain tumour study: results of a feasibility study. Radiat Prot Dosimetry 108(3): 227-236 (2004).

Wenzl, T.B.: Estimating magnetic field exposures of rail maintenance workers. Am Ind Hyg Assoc J 58: 667-671 (1997).

Theriault, G., M. Goldberg, A.B. Miller, B. Armstrong, P. Guenel, J. Deadman et al.: Cancer risks associated with occupational exposure to magnetic fields among electric utility workers in Ontario and Quebec, Canada, and France: 1970-1989. Am J Epidemiol 139(6): 550-572 (1994).

Kromhout, H., D. Loomis, G.J. Mihlan, L.A. Peipins, R.C. Kleckner, R. Iriye et al.: Assessment and grouping of occupational magnetic field exposure in five electric utilities. Scand J Work Environ Health 21(1): 43-50 (1995).

Zaffanella, L.E.: Survey of Personal Magnetic Field Exposure, Phase II: 1000-Person Survey. [Online] Available at  Accessed 1/8/2013. (1998).

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